Migraine: An Overview

Salvatore Salomone1, Filippo Caraci2, Anna Capasso3, *
1 Department of Pharmacology University of Catania;
2 Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Catania;
3 Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Salerno, Italy

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© Salomone et al.; Licensee Bentham Open.

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* *Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Salerno, Italy;


The pathophysiology of migraine is not completely understood and continues to be investigated. The complexity of interactions taking place in the sensory neuronal network with the mediation of all different neurotransmitters involved ives the measure of the extreme difficulty connected with the knowledge of migraine pathogenesis and in particular of its cardinal sign. Neuronal components are relevant in migraine pathophysiology: there could be a generalized interictal abnormal excitability of the cerebral cortex in migraine, possibly favoring the occurrence of spreading depression with consequent activation of the trigeminal system. Many theories have been formulated in these last sixty years about the pathogenesis of migraine and other forms of primary headache, but the problem is still far to be fully clarified. The present review is focused on the description of different theories on the migraine pathogenesis.