RESEARCH ARTICLE


Relevance of Basilar Artery Study in Patients with Subclavian Steal Phenomenon



Maria Jose Garcia-Antelo*, 1 , Alfredo Puy-Nuñez2, Oscar Ayo-Martin3, Tomas Segura3
1 Hospital Universitario A Coruña, A Coruña, Spain
2 Complejo Hospitalario de Pontevedra, Pontevedra, Spain
3 Hospital Universitario de Albacete, Albacete, Spain


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© Garcia-Antelo et al.; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Hospital Universitario A Coruña. As Xubias, 84, 15006, A Coruña, A Coruña, Spain; Tel: 657091302; Fax: 034981178001, 034981178163; E-mail: marigaran@yahoo.es


Abstract

A 72-year-old male presented to the emergency department with gait instability and unclear speech. Computed tomography of the brain showed old lacunar infarcts in basal ganglia. Transcranial Doppler (TCD) sonography was normal. Extracranial Duplex sonography showed indirect hemodynamic signs of bilateral subclavian artery stenosis and both vertebral arteries also showed delayed systolic flow increase. A bilateral subclavian steal phenomenon was suspected, and arm compression tests was performed. The tests promoted reverse flow in the right VA, loss of diastolic flow in the left VA and interestingly, the normal anterograde BA flow became retrograde. Although subclavian steal is likely to be an innocuous phenomenon for the majority of our patients, it is probable that the presence of a hemodynamic effect on the basilar artery may identify those who are at special risk of neurologic symptoms. So, we recommend TCD study in all patients suffering SSP to rule out the possibility of a BA steal phenomenon.

Keywords: Subclavian steal, basilar steal, cerebrovascular disease, transcranial doppler ultrasound, vertebro-basilar symptoms.