New Trends in Tinnitus Management

Alessandra Fioretti*, Alberto Eibenstein , Marco Fusetti
Surgical Sciences Department, ENT, University of L’Aquila, L’Aquila, Italy

Article Metrics

CrossRef Citations:
Total Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 4571
Abstract HTML Views: 2798
PDF Downloads: 880
Total Views/Downloads: 8249
Unique Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 1861
Abstract HTML Views: 1678
PDF Downloads: 631
Total Views/Downloads: 4170

Creative Commons License
© Fioretti et al.; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Surgical Sciences Department, ENT, University of L’Aquila, L’Aquila, Italy; Tel/Fax: +390645551655; E-mail:


Tinnitus is a perception of sound in absence of sound stimulation. Tinnitus in many cases cannot be eliminated by conventional medical treatment with drugs or surgery. Some people who begin to notice tinnitus, whether spontaneous or induced by noise, trauma or other insult, will experience spontaneous resolution, but many patients will have persistent tinnitus. For some of them, tinnitus sensation will be joined by tinnitus suffering, with many adverse effects like anxiety, depression and sleep disorders. For these tinnitus sufferers the psychological and acoustic approach proposed by the Tinnitus Retraining Therapy and Acoustic Desensitization Protocol may be helpful. Periodically new treatments are suggested like low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and sequential phase shift sound cancellation treatment based on the frequency and loudness matching of the tinnitus. The aim of this work is to review modern considerations for the treatment of tinnitus.

Keywords: Tinnitus, hyperacusis, cochlea.