Nutritional Alterations Associated with Neurological and Neurosurgical Diseases



Yannis Dionyssiotis1, *, Aris Papachristos2, Konstantina Petropoulou3, Jannis Papathanasiou4, Panayiotis Papagelopoulos5
1 Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Department, European Interbalkan Medical Center “DIABALKANIKO“, Thessaloniki, Greece
2 Rehabilitation Center “KENTAVROS”, Volos, Thessaly, Greece
3 2nd Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Department, National Rehabilitation Center “EKA-KAT”, Ilion, Athens, Greece
4 Section of Kinesiotherapy & Physiotherapy Department of Preventive Medicine, Medical University of Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria
5 1st Department of Orthopaedics, General University Hospital “ATTIKON”, Athens, Greece


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© Dionyssiotis et al.; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-NC 4.0) (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode), which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the 1 Rimini Street, 12462, Chaidari, Greece; Tel: 00306946469759; E-mail: yannis_dionyssiotis@hotmail.com


Abstract

Neurological and neurosurgical diseases lead to complications producing malnutrition increasing pathology and mortality. In order to avoid complications because of malnutrition or overcome deficiencies in nutrients supplements are often used for these subjects. The physiopathological mechanisms of malnutrition, methods of nutritional assessment and the supplemental support are reviewed in this paper based on the assumption that patients need to receive adequate nutrition to promote optimal recovery, placing nutrition as a first line treatment and not an afterthought in the rehabilitation.

Keywords: Disabled, Malnutrition, Neurological, Neurosurgical, Rehabilitation.